Let’s start with the adults. Adults are about 4 to 7 mm with a flattened body. Their color is brown to reddish brown once they have fed. The head is short in comparison to the body and it has a proboscis, from where it sucks the blood and also the antennae, which is mainly used to find the most accurate spots from where to suck the blood. The head is also where you can find the developed eyes. Moving on to the body, it contains 3 pairs of legs that are quite similar between them, with 3-segmented tarsi and 2 nails. Upper surface of body sparsely covered with short golden hair, usually shorter than the diameter of the second antennal segment.
The cycle includes the egg, 5 nymphal and adult stages. Nymphs are similar to adults in morphology and habits.
Females can, if well fed up to 200-300 eggs in her life with a rate of 12 eggs per day. The eggs are placed on hard surfaces and covered with a sticky substance that adheres to the objects to which they are deposited. They are white and 1 mm long. Incubation of the egg to the emergence takes 6 to 20 days approximately.
The cycle from egg to adult is 7 to 18 weeks depending on temperature and humidity conditions. Below 16 º C, adults enter a state of semi-hibernation and the development is interrupted. With food and normal reproductive cycles, individuals can live between 6 and 12 months.
The preferred host of bed bugs is the human being but in his absence, they will feed on poultry, canaries, pigeons, mice, rats, guinea pigs and bats.
The bed bug hides in cracks and crevices during the day and comes out at night to feed. Typically it can be found along buttons and seams of mattresses, any crack in the wooden frame, where the brackets are attached.
Other places you should check is the wall hanging items like picture frames, desks, upholstered furniture, baseboards, floor cracks, behind loose wallpaper, the outlet covers and light keys, door frames and windows, light pipes, etc.
In severe infestations, the bed bug can be found in hollow walls, attics and other enclosed areas. They can move long distances to obtain their blood meal.